December 16th 2021

This webinar on differentiation in foreign, security and defence policy co-operation between the EU and neighbouring countries was organised by the CER, IPC and NUPI. The webinar is part of Work Package 5, which looks at differentiation in Foreign Security and Defence Policy. The webinar included participants from some of the EU’s main foreign policy partners: Norway, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine. Speakers discussed the way in which foreign policy co-operation between their country and the EU functions and how it may be improved. Topics discussed included the different mechanisms for consultation with the EU, including the format of consultations; the modalities of participation in EU Common Security and Defence Policy operations ; the relationship between the EU and NATO ; and defence industrial co-operation between partners and the EU.