About

The UK’s departure, on 31 January 2020, marked an unprecedented twist in the history of European integration. After decades of expansion, this was the first time that a country opted to leave the Union. The uncertainty surrounding future prospects and the absence of a precedent make this Work Package all the more important in the context of this project for three main reasons. First, the EU had to work out a partnership framework with a former Member State. Second, the exit of one of the largest countries in Europe leaving the EU may have ripple effects in various directions, whether fostering unity or encouraging fragmentation, not least depending on the shape and implementation of the UK-EU deal. Third, this process might carry broader repercussions for differentiated cooperation between the EU and non-Member States, including the elaboration of new formats of association or affiliation short of full membership. This Work Package aims to bring added value by monitoring and assessing the Brexit process and output with a focus on the potential economic, political, institutional and social implications, challenges and opportunities for differentiated integration and cooperation. Work Package Leader: European Policy Centre (EPC), Participants: Jacques Delors Institute, Centre for European Reform, Centre for International Information and Documentation in Barcelona

Work Package Leader

Participants

Publications

Work Package Deliverables


June 2020
Brexit and External Differentiation in Single Market Access
Andreas Eisl and Eulalia Rubio

From The Network

September 2020
Framing the state aid debate for the post-Covid era.
The Brexit Challenge.
By Elvire Fabry
Senior research fellow
Jacques Delors Institute

September 2020
Brexit: Endgame
by Fabian Zuleeg
Chief Executive of the European Policy Centre (EPC)

August 2020
Five reasons why even a basic EU-UK trade deal is better than nothing
by Sam Lowe
Senior Research Fellow at Centre for European Reform (CER)

July 2020
Brexit scenarios: Heading for a no-deal exit?
by Fabian Zuleeg
Chief Executive of the European Policy Centre (EPC), and Jannike Wachowiak, Junior Policy Analyst at the European Policy Centre (EPC)

July 2020
Heading for disaster
European Policy Centre (EPC) Discussion Paper by Roger Liddle, Member of the House of Lords

March 2020
Brexit negotiations: linkages need to be handled with care
by Kalypso Nicolaidis, member of EU IDEA Advisory Board, Professor of international relations
in Oxford and Chair of the Oxford Working group on Brexit

January 2020
Commentary: No good Brexit
Fabien Zuleeg
Chief Economist and Chief Executive

January 2020
Discussion Paper: Brexit: Getting it done

Andrew Duff
President of the Spinelli Group and a Visiting Fellow at the European Policy Centre

 

December 2019
The EU should prepare for all UK post-election scenarios
By Larissa Brunner
European Policy Centre (EPC)

 

October 2019
The worst is yet to come

By Fabian Zuleeg
European Policy Centre (EPC)

 

September 2019
‘NO DEAL’ BREXIT AND THE EU BUDGET: BEWARE THE RISK FOR EU UNITY

By Elvire Fabry, Eulalia Rubio
Jacques Delors Institut – Berlin blog

 

September 2019
HOW WOULD NEGOTIATIONS AFTER A NO-DEAL BREXIT PLAY OUT?
By John Springford
Centre for European Policy (CER) Insight

August 2019
No-deal Brexit means trouble for Brits living in the EU
Camino Mortera-Martinez

July 2019
NO-DEAL BREXIT MAY BE THE ONLY WAY OUT FOR BORIS JOHNSON
By Larissa Brunner
European Policy Centre (EPC)

May 2019
ENSURING A POST-BREXIT LEVEL PLAYING FIELD
By David Baldock, Larissa Brunner, Pablo Ibáñez Colomo, Emily Lydgate, Marley Morris, Martin Nesbit, Jacques Pelkmans, Vincent Verouden and Fabian Zuleeg
European Policy Centre (EPC)

October 2019
This deal or no deal
By Fabian Zuleeg

September 2019
Brexit: How was it for you?
By Andrew Duff

October 2019
THE COST OF BREXIT TO JUNE 2019

By John Springford
CER insight
The UK economy is 2.9 per cent smaller than it would be if the UK had voted to remain in the European Union, according to our latest estimate of the cost of Brexit to the end of the second quarter of 2019.

September 2019
DEAL OR NO DEAL? FIVE QUESTIONS ON BORIS JOHNSON’S BREXIT TALKS
By Charles Grant
CER insight
The rough shape of a deal between the UK and the EU is emerging: Northern Ireland would follow EU rules in some areas but not others. Yet the two sides remain far apart.

September 2019
HOW WOULD NEGOTIATIONS AFTER A NO-DEAL BREXIT PLAY OUT?
By John Springford
CER insight
After no deal, the EU would demand that the UK sign up to the provisions of the withdrawal agreement, but in exchange for an emergency deal that is far worse than the standstill transition.

August 2019
A NO-DEAL BREXIT IS NOT INEVITABLE
By Charles Grant
CER insight
A majority of MPs want to avoid a no-deal Brexit on October 31st. But if Boris Johnson is determined to leave the EU without a deal, MPs will struggle to stop him.

August 2019
BULLETIN ISSUE 127 – AUGUST/SEPTEMBER 2019
By Camino Mortera-Martinez, Jonathan Faull, Simon Gleeson
CER bulletin articles

August 2019
No-deal Brexit means trouble for Brits living in the EU
Camino Mortera-Martinez

August 2019
What next for the EU’s capital markets union?
Jonathan Faull, Simon Gleeson

July 2019
BORIS JOHNSON AND BREXIT: WHAT TO EXPECT
By John Springford
CER insight
There are no compromises on the backstop acceptable to the EU or a Johnson-led government. A general election fought by the Conservatives on a no deal ticket is therefore very likely.

July 2019
THE CAPITAL MARKETS UNION: SHOULD THE EU SHUT OUT THE CITY OF LONDON?
By Jonathan Faull, Simon Gleeson
CER policy brief
The EU’s capital markets union is intended to make its economy more resilient. That goal will be easier to achieve if the EU remains open to City of London markets.

June 2019
NOW IS THE WORST TIME FOR ‘GLOBAL BRITAIN’

By John SpringfordSam Lowe
CER insight
Global trade integration has stalled since the financial crisis, and is unlikely to pick up steam any time soon. In that context, plans for ‘global Britain’ will do little to offset the costs of Brexit.

May 2019
NORTHERN IRELAND AND THE BACKSTOP: WHY ‘ALTERNATIVE ARRANGEMENTS’ AREN’T AN ALTERNATIVE
By Sam Lowe
CER insight

Technical fixes for the Irish border will only work if created in conjunction with affected communities and businesses.

Multimedia

VIDEO

The future of EU-UK relationship.

A brief policy debate with Nicoletta Pirozzi (IAI and EU IDEA project coordinator) Fabian Zuleeg (EPC chief executive) and Kati Piri (MEP and co-rapporteur on the future EU/UK partnership). In this video, we discuss the main issues addressed at the public event organized in Brussels by EPC in the framework of the Horizon 2020 project.

Brexit Reviewed: Process, Consequences, and Scenarios

This public conference on Brexit was held at the University of Groningen on 11 April 2019, as part of a two-day meeting of the EU IDEA project consortium. The main topics addressed were the potential ramifications of Brexit in light of the extension granted to the May government until end of October 2019, the connection between Brexit and democracy, including the democratic paradox, as well as the implications of Brexit for Central European countries. Keynote speakers were Pier Domenico Tortola, University of Groningen, Larissa Brunner, European Policy Centre in Brussels, Lars Rensmann, University of Groningen, and Petr Kratochvíl, Institute of International Relations in Prague.

Euidea – Brexit and External Differentiation in Single Market Access

Concept and production by Eunews.

The video is based on the homonym Policy Brief by Andreas Eisl, Research Fellow on European Economic Policy at the Institut Jacques Delors, and Eulalia Rubio, Senior Research Fellow on European Economic Policy at the Institut Jacques Delors. It explained the two possible scenarios that Brexit could have lead to.

PODCAST

Euidea #2: Differentiated integration among the post-Brexit scenarios.

A discussion with Fabian Zuleeg, Chief Executive of the European Policy Centre, and Agata Gostyńska-Jakubowska, Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for European Reform.

Euidea #1: Brexit, where are we?

The first podcast of EUIDEA program is about the Brexit process. Nicoletta Pirozzi (IAI) and Piero Tortola (University of Groningen), moderated by Matteo Bonomi (IAI), discuss the withdrawal strategy, examine what kind of turmoil Brexit has caused in Britain and in Europe, and address the question of whether the rest of EU can be affected by other “exits”.

INFOGRAPHICS

Brexit and External Differentiation in Single Market Access

A focus on the two possible scenarios that brexit could have lead to. The infographic is based on the homonym Policy Brief by Andreas Eisl,  Research Fellow on European Economic Policy at the Institut Jacques Delors, and Eulalia Rubio, Senior Research Fellow on European Economic Policy at the Institut Jacques Delors.

EVENTS

Report / EU-Idea Report

by Johannes Greubel, Grace Carter and Jannike Wachowiak

More

Report / Brexit reviewed: process consequences and scenarios

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The risk of a potential never-ending Brexit process is real and cannot be ignored

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